Today, on April 18, 1947 (Philippines):
The Republic of China and the Philippines sign a Treaty of Amity, or peaceful relations. As a reminder, in 1949 the Chinese Communist revolution came to a close with MAO Zedong usurping power within China and CHIANG Kaishek (with his forces) retreating to Taiwan (Formosa).
The Republic of China (Taiwan) still honors the treaty they signed with the Philippines, while the People’s Republic of China (China) does not honor it, as it was signed under the previous (illegitimate) regime.
Now, here’s another interesting fact for you. On 9 May, 2013 (fast approaching the one year ‘anniversary’ of a tragedy), the Philippines violated the treaty when a Coast Guard vessel open fired on a Taiwanese fishing boat killing a fisherman-specifically, Article I, which says there should be peace; Article II, which says International Court of Justice will be used over force; and Article VIII, which says each country will protect the other’s citizens. The Philippine government did make an official apology after a long investigation; however, friendly nations shouldn’t be killing each others citizens.
One last interesting fact is that within this treaty between two countries-three countries are actually named. What is this third country, and why is it mentioned? 😉
Link to scanned copy of the treaty: http://www.gov.ph/downloads/1955/02feb/19550203-PROC-0109-RM.pdf
Photo from: investphilippines.org